Formatting Friday: Vancouver
Vancouver is a bit different than other formatting styles because it’s not exactly a formatting style as much as it is a system. For instance, AMA uses Vancouver formatting (in a broad sense) in its reference formatting because it uses an author-number style, albeit with some variations in formatting.
While the minutiae of reference formatting (like italicizing and bracketing) might change, any referencing system that uses author-number is broadly considered Vancouver – not to be confused with the author-date system known as Harvard-style.
We're always happy to assist you with formatting trouble, but here are some quick facts about Vancouver.
References are numbered in the order in which they appear in-text. If the same reference is used again later in the text, the original number is used.
When using citation numbers in-text, they should be placed after the associated part of the text. They can be placed before or after punctuation; the most important thing is to remain consistent.
Personal communication should not be used as a reference, unless it’s absolutely necessary – and even then, this is not to be placed in the reference list. This is cited only as a parenthetical citation, using the name of the person and date of communication.
References are single-spaced and double-spaced between each reference.
University of Western Australia: Vancouver citation examples
Because the Vancouver system is often used in conjunction with another formatting style – as well as any idiosyncratic style preferences from a school or program, it’s no wonder formatting can be so formidable for so many students. Let us help! Our editors are well-versed in a variety of formatting styles and systems, and can ensure that your paper is formatted properly. Contact us today to see how we can be of assistance! < Motivational Quotes to Help Fuel your Writing Thoughtful Thursday: Aromatherapy >